Complementary food adds new constitution
After 4 months of the baby, no matter what alternative method is adopted, supplementary food should be added at this time, but the thermal energy and various nutrients necessary for the baby’s growth and development.
Reminder: Babies under 3 months should not add supplementary food.
Infants under 3 months of age have difficulty digesting and absorbing food in complex food structures.
If supplementary food is added too early, it will cause indigestion of the baby, cause abdominal distension, diarrhea, and bring great pressure to immature kidneys, leaving hidden dangers.
Reasons for adding complementary foods Reason 1 Milk has been unable to meet the baby’s growth needs After 4 months, the nutritional ingredients obtained from breast milk or formula can no longer meet the baby’s growth and development needs. Supplementary foods must be added to help the baby to supplement the balance in a timely manner.Nutrition to meet the needs of growth and development.
Reason 2 Preparing for “weaning” Supplementary foods for babies are also called weaning foods, and their meaning does not only refer to foods used when the baby is weaned, but also refers to the addition of the time from the single milk to the complete “weaning””Transition” food.
Reason 3 Train your swallowing ability. From habitual breastfeeding to eating solid food close to an adult, your baby needs a gradual adaptation process.
From sucking to chewing and swallowing, babies need to learn another way of eating, which usually takes six months or more.
Reason 4: Cultivate the baby. As the baby grows up, his mucous membranes gradually harden, especially after growing out of the front teeth. If he is given softened semi-solid food in time, he will learn to chew the food with his gums or teeth.
The development of mastication function is conducive to the development of jaws and eruption of deciduous teeth.
The timing of adding supplementary food is 1. The baby ‘s head muscles have been developed and he can straighten his neck to eat solid food. Timing 2: The swallowing function is gradually coordinated and mature, and the food on the tongue is no longer spit out. Timing 3, the digestive systemThe degrading enzymes in it have been able to digest different types of food.
Special reminder: Specific to each baby, when should start to add complementary food, parents should decide on the baby’s health and growth status.
Principles of adding complementary foods: both quantity and speed should be gradual. Principle 1 Adding amounts-from small to large. Every time a new food is added, it must be fed in small amounts first.
And adults need to observe the baby more carefully than usual, if there are no adverse reactions, then gradually increase some.
For example: add egg yolk, first from 1/4 egg yolk, if the baby can tolerate, keep the amount of 1/4 for a few days and then add to 1/3, then gradually increase to 1/2, 3, 4 and finallyThe whole yolk.
Principle 2 Varieties to add-Add one or more complementary foods to your baby. You can only add them the same way, and your baby is the same.
Wait for your baby to adapt before adding new breeds.
For example, you can’t add egg yolk at the same time when you add rice cereal. You can’t start adding egg yolk until your baby is used to rice cereal. After the baby is used to rice cereal and egg yolk, add mashed potatoes.
Principle 3 Concentration of Addition-From thin to thick, add some easy-to-digest, moisture-permeable liquids and soups to the baby at the beginning, then slowly transition from semi-liquid to various muddy foods, and finally add soft solid foods.
For example: rice cereal → porridge → soft rice.
Principle 4 Addition-When adding solid food from fine to coarse, adults can smash the food first and put it into a slime; when the baby grows up, get used to it, you can crush it into pieces or grits, and then make new pieces laterShaped food.
For example: minced meat → minced meat → minced meat → diced meat.
Special reminder: the supplementary food should be added when the baby is healthy, the baby is sick or does not digest certain food, can not be added or even suspended.
Sequential steps of adding complementary foods: In addition to the daily amount of milk, add rice cereal, wheat cereal, fruit juice and vegetable soup appropriately.
Step 2: Add egg yolk mud.
Start with 1/4 of the yolk and slowly transition to the whole yolk.
Step 3: Add protein foods such as fish, shrimp and meat.
Adding complementary foods should be a happy thing with patience.
When feeding a new food or solid food for the first time, the baby may spit out food because he is not yet familiar with the taste of the new food, which does not mean that he does not like it.
Special reminder: It takes several days of continuous feeding before the baby may get used to the taste of the new food.
Creating a pleasant dining gradient is best when your baby feels comfortable and when you feel relaxed, add new food to your baby.
Special reminder: Both your and your baby’s emotions will affect your baby’s interest in new foods.
Read your baby ‘s body language while eating. Hungry. When your baby is interested in food, he will dance with excitement, lean forward and open his mouth.
Conversely, if you are not hungry, your baby will close its mouth tightly in front of the food, turn its head away or close its eyes altogether.
Special reminder: Reluctance and coercion will only make the baby offend and treat the enjoyment of food as pain.
Precautions that mothers should be aware of Each time you feed a new food, you must carefully observe your baby’s overall state of bowel movements, appetite, mood, and skin.
If you have adverse reactions such as constipation, diarrhea, vomiting, skin rash or flushing, and crying, stop feeding immediately and take him to the hospital.
Adding supplementary food too quickly and excessively will increase the baby’s gastrointestinal burden and cause troubles in the digestive system.Put the food in a bowl and feed it with a small spoon, so that your baby can gradually adapt to the adult’s diet.
When your baby has a certain grip, encourage him to take a small spoon.
Adding complementary foods is best arranged before the baby drinks milk, so that you will not be uninterested in trying complementary foods because you are full.
If your baby has a mild personality and eats slowly, don’t blame and urge him, so as not to cause his aversion to eating.
What the mother made by herself is that there are many ready-made baby food supplements on the best market, which are hygienic, convenient and can save a lot of production trouble.
However, we still encourage mothers to make food for their babies. This is not only economical, but also helps to keep the food fresh and to ensure that there are no additives.
Hygiene and safety is first and foremost must be supplemented with fresh natural ingredients.
It’s best to make your own food and not store the prepared food for too long.
Skinned fruits and vegetables should be peeled and then processed; do not use damaged or eroded fruits and vegetables (even if the rotten side has been removed) to make complementary food.
Be sure to cook thoroughly when cooking.
Especially eggs, fish, shrimp and meat to avoid infections and allergies.
Do not put seasonings or less, especially in the initial stage of adding complementary foods, in principle, do not put seasonings.
Before making complementary foods and feeding, be sure to cut your nails and wash your hands; make sure all utensils and utensils are clean.
4-6 months of fruit juice: Wash and cut fresh fruit, squeeze out the fruit juice and filter with gauze, 1 part of original juice plus the same amount of cold water.
Vegetable juice: green fresh vegetables, remove the large stalks, add boiling water and cook slightly, remove the vegetable leaves, and the vegetable water can be eaten after cooling.
Rice gluten: Add rice noodles or wheat flour to a bowl and add water to blend into a paste.
7-9 months puree: choose ripe, soft, less fiber, fleshy fruits, wash and peel, scrape the flesh with a spoon and crush it into puree.
Vegetable puree: Wash the fresh green vegetables, peel the skin and stem, cut into sections, cook in boiling water, and crush it with a spoon in a bowl.
Egg Yolk Puree: Boil the whole egg, cook it for another 10 minutes, and boil the egg.
Take the egg yolk and make a paste with a little warm water.
Special tips: 1.
The so-called yolk mud is added to the feeding bottle to feed the baby, which easily causes the baby to lose appetite.
Babies who are allergic to egg yolk should wait for further development in the body and further strengthen the barrier effect on foreign proteins before adding egg yolk.
It usually takes 7 months or even 1 year before trying to feed the yolk.
Meat paste: Wash the tenderloin with a spoon and scrape it into mud. Add it to the water and stir well. Put it in a bowl and steam it.
Fish puree: The fish is peeled, boned, washed, and steamed to make mud.
Tofu puree: Rinse with boiling water, remove the outer crust, mash it with a spoon, mix with an appropriate amount of boiling water and steam.
Porridge: After washing the rice, add 10 times water, soak for 30 minutes, change to low heat and simmer for 50 minutes, simmer for another 10 minutes, mash it with a spoon and feed.
Vegetable porridge: Add 5 times water to the rice, cook for 15-20 minutes, simmer for 10 minutes after simmering, mash the green leaves of the hot greens and stir into the porridge.
Meat mud porridge: Add 5 times water to the rice, cook for 15-20 minutes, simmer for 10 minutes after turning off, add steamed meat puree and stir well.
Chopped vegetables for 10-12 months: Wash and chop the vegetable leaves, put in a pot and cook with a small amount of water, and then stir and feed.
Steamed eggs: Beat the eggs into a bowl, add water or soup to 8 minutes, add some salt and beat evenly, and steam.
Foods not to be eaten by babies: Honey: Although it is a natural food, it cannot be sterilized. It may contain botox, which can cause serious diarrhea or constipation. It is not suitable for babies under 1 year old.
Foods that are prone to allergies: egg protein, shellfish (such as lobster, crab, clams), etc.
Stimulating foods: curry, pepper, coffee, cola, black tea or alcoholic beverages and food.
Foods that taste too heavy: too sweet puddings, too salty porridge and soups.
Non-digestible food: octopus, cuttlefish, etc.
Food with too much fiber: celery, bamboo shoots, etc.
Foods with artificial additives: instant noodles, puffed food, etc.