What causes neonatal tetanus
The doctor reminded: if you are not in the hospital to give birth, you need to go to the hospital in time to break the cold needle, a pair of scissors, burn it with boiling water, and even “disinfect”, the umbilical cord is not disinfected after cutting the umbilical cord.
Recently, the maternity hospital treated a baby born with tetanus at home.
When the baby was hospitalized, his entire body muscle was broken, like a stiff wooden board, his teeth were closed tightly, his face was painful, he seldom cried, he seldom moved, his whole body was yellow, and his umbilical cord was swollen and bleeding.
The baby’s parents were from Qinghai and gave birth in his home to save money.
The baby started to have a fever on the eighth day, and his temperature was as high as 40.
At 5 ° C, she refused to breastfeed and developed twitching of the limbs.
The specialists diagnosed as “tetanus of the newborn” immediately.
Neonatal tetanus is an acute and severe infection caused by the invasion of tetanus bacillus through the umbilicus, and it usually develops around 7 days after birth.
Clinically, it is characterized by ankylosing fractures of the whole body skeletal muscles and tightly closed teeth. Therefore, it is known as “umbilical wind”, “seven days wind” and “lock mouth wind”.
The first is to use unsterilized scissors and cords to cut the umbilical cord during delivery, and the umbilical cord is not disinfected properly when ligated or wrapped, so that the tetanus bacillus invades the umbilicus.
Before neonatal delivery, the incidence and mortality of neonatal tetanus were extremely high.
At present, neonatal tetanus has been eliminated in many areas, but in a small number of rural areas and remote areas and mountain areas, neonatal tetanus still occurs due to home delivery and the old method of delivery.
Newborns infected with tetanus will be aspirated by a little sound and tactile stimuli, so the medical staff will monitor the baby separately to avoid light and sound. The treatment and nursing operations are as gentle and slow as possible.
The medical staff of the pediatric department worked hard to rescue the infants from danger of life, and their vital signs were stable. They are expected to be discharged soon.
The District Women’s Insurance Hospital had treated a newborn infected with tetanus after cutting the umbilical cord with moso bamboo slices in 2006. After 18 days of rescue, it was out of danger.
Experts warn that once a baby is infected with this disease, treatment is more difficult.
The focus of this disease is prevention. Vigorous promotion of in-patient delivery or new delivery methods is required. Strict aseptic technique should be implemented during delivery and the umbilical cord should be disinfected and bandaged.
After an emergency delivery or too late to sterilize for delivery, the child should also be sent to the hospital as soon as possible to inject tetanus antitoxin to prevent neonatal tetanus.